What is Testosterone?
Testosterone, a sex hormone, is produced within the male testicles as well as within the female adrenal system and ovaries in small amounts.
Testosterone can be used in both boys and men as a means to treat testosterone shortage which may cause delays in puberty, hormonal imbalances, and impotence. It can also be used as a treatment for women who are suffering from metastasized breast cancer.
Pregnant women should not receive the medication as it has been known to cause defects in unborn children. If you are currently receiving testosterone treatment, use a form of birth control to prevent pregnancy and inform your doctor as soon as possible if you happen to become pregnant. Testosterone should also not be received by those who have prostate cancer, are allergic to hormone treatments, or have male breast cancer.
Before you receive the drug, make sure to inform the physician if you have BPH or benign prostatic hypertrophy, high cholesterol, cancer, disease of either the kidney or liver, heart disease, a clotting disorder, or coronary artery disease.
Administration of Testosterone
Testosterone is administered as an injection that is placed into the muscle of the buttocks. A healthcare provider will provide the injection every two to four weeks. Depending upon the reason for the injection, the duration of treatment will vary. In order to ensure that the medication is actually correcting the issue, a blood test will be performed regularly to test the level of testosterone in the body.
Emergency help should be immediately sought if you are experiencing an allergic reaction such as problems breathing, swelling in the facial area or in the throat, or hives. Alert your physician if you have the following complications:
• Continued penile erection
• Pain in the bones
• Rapid weight gain
• Increase in thirst
• Problems with memory
• Feeling of restlessness
• Nausea and/or vomiting
• Increase in urination
• Muscle weakness
• Swelling of the breasts in men
It is possible for women to begin developing characteristics of the male sex while undergoing treatments as these side effects may be irreversible. Excessive testosterone may cause:
• Male-pattern growth of hair including on the chest or chin
• Enlarged clitoris
• A marked decrease or increase in libido
• Male pattern baldness
• Alterations in the usual menstrual period
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